• What is vitiligo?
  • What are the major Symptoms used to identify Vitiligo?
  • What are the major causes of Vitiligo?

Vitiligo (vit-ih-LIE-go) is a condition that causes skin colour loss in patches. The discoloured areas usually get bigger over time. The condition can affect the skin of any part of the body. It can also affect your hair and the inside of your mouth. The colour of the hair and skin is usually determined by melanin. Vitiligo occurs when cells that produce melanin die or stop working. Vitiligo affects people of all types of skin, but it may be more noticeable in people with darker skin. This condition is not life-threatening or infectious however it can cause stress and may affect a person’s confidence . Treatment can restore colour to the skin affected. But the continuing loss of skin colour or recurrence cannot be prevented.

The common signs of vitiligo include-

  1. Patchy skin colour loss, which typically occurs first on the hands and feet, face, and areas around the openings of the body and genitals
  2. Premature whitening or greying of the hair, eyelashes, eyebrows, or beard on your scalp.
  3. Colour loss in the tissues that line the inside of your nose and mouth (mucous membranes)

Vitiligo occurs when pigment-producing cells (melanocytes) die or stop producing melanin—a pigment that gives colour to your skin, hair, and eyes. The affected patches of skin become lighter or white. The causes that lead pigment cells to fail or die can be-

  1. Immune system disorder (An autoimmune condition)
  2. Heredity
  3. A trigger event, such as stress, extreme sunburn, or damage to the skin, such as chemical contact.