What are Freckles should be the question to begin with!
Freckles are the tiny needle-top sized spots which appear on the skin due to excessive sun damage. The difference between freckles and other forms of sun damage such as sun tan and pigmentation is that freckles do not result because of the increase in the production of melanocytes. Freckles are caused due to the existing skin cells getting stimulated to produce more melanin.
Hence, instead of appearing over broader areas, freckles appear as spots.
Freckles mostly affect people with lighter skin tone because for the people with darker skin tones, melanin deposition is a natural skin defence which ends up resulting in pigmentation or dark spots.
But how to deal with freckles- will only treatments work or some home care would be needed too?
Well, this is what this blog about:
Let us talk about the DIYs first
Sour Cream Application
Gently apply sour cream over the affected skin and leave for 20 minutes. Wipe off with a soft tissue and pat dry. Apply a Moisturising lotion
This has to be done every night before you go to sleep.
The Frequency: has to be daily for the first 30 days followed by twice a week for the remaining time till freckles start to fade.
Principle: The lactic acid in the sour cream helps in clearing out the skin by reducing melanin deposition
Buttermilk and Potato
Grate a potato (after peeling it) and soak the shreds in buttermilk for about 15 minutes. Now, gently rub this on your face. You can also, cut thin potato slices, soak them in buttermilk and then keep on your face as well.
Continue with this rubbing/keeping for about 15 minutes after which you can wash off your face with cold water.
The Frequency: Repeat this procedure 3-4 times a week for best results
Principle: The Glutathione in the potato combines with the lactic acid in the buttermilk to provide better results for removal of any form of pigmentation.
Horseradish and Apple Cider Vinegar
Grate half cup of horseradish and pour about 1 cup of raw apple cider vinegar on it and seal in an airtight container. Let the solution sit for about 10-14 days.
Gradually shake the container about once or twice daily to ensure that the solid component does not settle at the bottom. After the stipulated period is over, strain the vinegar and store it separately. The horseradish can be thrown away
The horseradish infused vinegar is ready to be applied to the skin. Gently dab with a cotton ball for application twice a day- once before the bath and second before sleeping.
You can let the vinegar rest on your skin as well.
Frequency: Apply daily for about a month for best results.
Principle: Horseradish is a rich source of ascorbic acid, Vitamin C and has bleaching properties- these characteristics not just help in preventing deposition but also facilitate peeling off of the dead skin and lightening pigmentation spots
The Medical Treatments
DIYs are usually slow to respond to also they work best when used for maintenance. For better and faster results, one should go for medical treatments only. Some of the best are listed below:
It involves creating abrasions on the skin surface to enable faster skin recuperation. These wounds not just result in faster healing of the damaged sites but also the area around it thus improving upon the overall skin condition in general. More on the same can be read here.
Varying from mild/superficial to strong peels depending upon the severity of skin damage, chemical peels are the very basic solution for almost all skin concerns.
For pigmentation, freckles and other skin damage types usually medium and strong peels are used. Mild peels are mostly used for either skin maintenance or for sensitive skin types.
To know more about chemical peels, you may visit this page.
Lasers when targeted at the right place and at right intensity are instrumental in breaking down the pigments thus lightening/removing the freckles/pigmentation spots.
Usually safe if done using US-FDA approved treatments, they have been known to prove some of the best results for pigmentation concerns. For more, you may visit this link
Hoping this information would help you.
And in case you have any queries, we are just a call on +917676757575 away!