Microdermabrasion - A Painless, Non-Invasive, Skin-Rejuvenation Procedure

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Do you ever look at yourself in the mirror and wish for a glowing even skin tone? If yes, then consider Microdermabrasion, a procedure that brightens your skin, smoothens it and gives a more even skin tone. 

Microdermabrasion can improve the harmful effects of sun damage, acne scarring, melasma (a skin condition that causes dark patches on the skin), wrinkles, fine lines, age spots, and other skin-related problems and conditions. 

Let us explore more about microdermabrasion, its uses, benefits, and possible side effects.

What Is Microdermabrasion?

It is non-invasive (does not involve the use of any instruments or needles on the surface) and a painless treatment that gently exfoliates (a process of removal of dead skin cells from the surface) your skin. A dermatologist usually performs a Microdermabrasion procedure in a clinical setting, but it can also be done by yourself in the comfort of your home. However, the results obtained from the home kits are not as effective and satisfactory. 

In Microdermabrasion, your dermatologist will spray or rub fine crystals into the skin with a hand-held device. This  will cause exfoliation (removal of dead skin cells from the top layer) of the skin. The main objective of this procedure is to make the skin appear younger and rejuvenated. 

Why is Microdermabrasion Done?

Microdermabrasion is a relatively safe procedure for most skin types and colours. People can opt for this procedure if they have the following skin-related concerns:

  • Hyperpigmentation, age spots, and brown spots
  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Acne and acne scars
  • Sun damage
  • Melasma
  • Uneven skin tone and texture
  • Dull-looking skin complexion
  • Stretch marks

What Is The Preparation Needed For Microdermabrasion? 

Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical, minimally invasive procedure; hence not much preparation is needed 

  • Inform the doctor about your past cosmetic surgeries, allergies, surgeries, and any underlying medical condition (if present).
  • Your doctor may instruct you to avoid sun exposure a week before the treatment.
  • You would be asked to stop using any exfoliating creams 3 days prior to the procedure.
  • You will be asked to remove any make-up before the procedure
  • Your skin will be cleaned at the clinic just before the dermatologist begins the procedure.

How Does Microdermabrasion Work?

Microdermabrasion is a procedure that is aimed at rubbing off or exfoliating the dead and damaged skin layers of the face and neck. The outermost layer of your skin contains the most obvious pigmentation, roughness, and wrinkles.

Microdermabrasion is an in-office, outpatient procedure which generally takes about 30 minutes to 1 hour and is performed by a licensed skin care specialist (dermatologist). Local anaesthesia (a numbing agent) is not used in most cases.

  • You will be made to sit on a reclining chair.
  • Your doctor will use a handheld device and move it over your skin. Tiny crystals from the handheld device will be sprayed on your skin, gently removing the outer layer of your skin that contains the dead cells.
  • A moisturiser and sunscreen will be applied to your skin after the completion of the procedure.

Normally for best results, six treatments are advised over the first 12 weeks at a  two weeks interval.

What Are The Different Ways to Do the Procedure?

Based on the specific device used, the following are the different ways of performing microdermabrasion:

  • Diamond tip handpiece
    • Uses a handpiece with a diamond tip
    • It gently exfoliates dead cells in your skin.
    • This type is generally used in sensitive facial areas (close to the eyes). 
  • Crystal microdermabrasion
    • Uses a crystal emitting handpiece to spray on the fine crystals to rub away the outer layers of the skin.
    • The different types of crystals used are aluminum oxide and sodium bicarbonate.
  • Hydradermabrasion
    • This is a new method that combines crystal-free exfoliation and infusion of products into the skin. This stimulates collagen production and increases blood flow to your skin. Collagen is a protein produced by the body which is responsible for the structure and functioning of the skin, bones, cartilage, etc.

Is Microdermabrasion Effective?

Usually, multiple sessions are required to get the desired appearance, but since it acts only on the top layer of the skin, it is not as effective as aggressive therapies – like chemical peels and laser resurfacing for deeper wrinkles and scars. 

However, microdermabrasion has the following advantages: 

  • It is relatively painless 
  • Has minimal risks (if appropriately performed) 
  • Does not need any recovery time 
  • Gives an effective result
  • Exfoliates from within the deeper layers of the skin

Recovery Time 

Most people do not require any recovery time after microdermabrasion since this is a non-invasive method. It is painless and does not require any aggressive steps. If you experience any side effects, they tend to disappear after a few days.

In most cases, skin will recover enough for another microdermabrasion session within a week.

What Ages Are Appropriate For Microdermabrasion?

There are no specific age or sex restrictions, children above 12 years of age and adults up to 65 years of age can undergo the microdermabrasion procedure. However, it is generally not recommended for adults over 70 years of age since they have a higher risk of bruising of the skin.

How Much Does Microdermabrasion Cost?

The average cost of microdermabrasion in India ranges between Rs. 2000- Rs. 3000 per session. 

Since it is a cosmetic procedure, medical insurance does not cover the cost.

The cost of this procedure depends on:

  • The type of method used
  • The dermatologist’s qualification and experience
  • The location of the clinic
  • The skin condition of the, patient
  •  The number of sessions required

What Are The Possible Side-Effects of Microdermabrasion?

Even though Microdermabrasion is relatively safe procedure, but it may involve certain side effects which includes:

  • Swelling 
  • Skin tightness
  • Mild tenderness
  • Redness.
  • Minor bruising 
  • Mild dryness and flakiness
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation 
  • Skin sensitivity

What Are The Risks Involved With Microdermabrasion?

There is a risk of the spread of infection from one part of your skin to another, following microdermabrasion. Hence, avoid undergoing this procedure if you have a history of skin infections or are presently taking treatment for impetigo, warts, herpes or any other skin infections. 

Microdermabrasion is not suitable for people with

  • Open sores
  • Bleeding disorders
  • Sunburns
  • Warts
  • Keloid scars

What to Expect After a Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a painless and non-invasive method which requires little or no downtime. You will be able to resume your daily activities immediately after the procedure. Follow the steps below to maintain the effects of the result:

  • Keep your skin well hydrated
  • Use gentle skin care products
  • Avoid using any topical acne medication for at least one day after the treatment
  • Protect your skin from sun exposure by using a sunscreen

You may be able to see noticeable results immediately after the treatment. The number of sessions required depends on the severity of your skin condition as well as your expectations. Your dermatologist will plan your sessions, and periodic maintenance accordingly. 

Can You Do Microdermabrasion at Home?

Currently, many microdermabrasion home kits are available in the market and online. Various salons also offer this procedure.

However, it is best to speak to your dermatologist before undergoing the procedure outside a clinical setup. This is especially necessary to handle any complications that could occur after the procedure.

What Home Remedies Can Produce Results Like Microdermabrasion?

Home remedies are considered safe since they have less side effects. There are multiple ways to exfoliate the skin:

  • Use a pumice stone, or a loofah
  • Apply sea salt rubs
  • Prepare home-made brown sugar and honey rubs
  • Use beach sand to gently exfoliate

How Often Can I Have Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion can be done as frequently as weekly or up to every 8 weeks depending on your skin tolerance and the desired effect needed. Many patients begin with weekly treatments for the first 3 sessions, and continue to a monthly maintenance regimen.

Human skin usually regenerates at approximately 30-day intervals, hence microdermabrasion needs to re repeated at average intervals of 2 to 4 weeks for continued improvements.

Can Microdermabrasion Help With Acne Scars?

Microdermabrasion can be very useful for people with active acne, mild acne discoloration, pick marks, or very superficial or raised acne scars. Dermatologists use microdermabrasion to help unclog pores and clear acne. This procedure will help speed up acne clearing when used in combination with gentle chemical peels and medical acne extractions.

Microdermabrasion Vs Dermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is less invasive than dermabrasion. Dermabrasion uses a more intensive method to remove the top layer of the skin. 

Dermabrasion is suited only for fair-skinned people, whereas microdermabrasion is suitable for people with any skin colour.

Dermabrasion is used to remove acne scars, scars from accidents or surgery, or to remove tattoos.

Takeaway

Microdermabrasion is gaining immense popularity among the women population due to its increased effectiveness in providing a spotless, glowing, even skin tone. It has many benefits of being painless, non-invasive, and fewer side effects when compared to other skin-related treatments.

Get in touch with our expert dermatologists at Kosmoderma, who are well-trained to provide you with the kind of skin you desire.

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