Dark circles develop due to pigmentation of skin in the orbital area. Many people believe that only aging is the cause of dark circles. But they are also caused due to other reasons such as:
Dark circles under the eyes can be the result of allergies to airborne substances, such as pollen, dust, and pet dander, because of persistent eye rubbing
Certain medication and also liver and kidney problems could cause dark circles under the eyes.
Iron deficiency anemia may cause a bluish tinge below the eyes.
Lack of balanced diet is a common cause of dark circles. A healthy and nutritious diet rich in vitamins like A, C, K, E and nutrients can help to get rid of dark circles.
Too much exposure to sun weakens the thin skin around the eye area causing dark circles.
Dark circles under the eyes run in families. They tend to be more noticeable in people with fair skin or deep-set eyes.
- Fluid retention which causes puffiness that may cast shadows
Blood vessels under the eyes can become dilated and engorged, which can contribute to dark circles. Excess dietary salt and smoking are common causes. Conditions that cause fluid retention (e.g. heart, thyroid, kidney, liver diseases) or medications that cause blood vessel dilation may be a factor.
The skin under the eyes is thin and delicate to begin with. As we age, skin and the fat pad under the eyes becomes thinner, causing blood vessels to become noticeable. This thins and relaxes the skin around the eyes and gives the appearance of dark circles. Sun damage can make it worse because it weakens skin.
A lack of sleep can make skin appear more pale, which allows blood vessels to be more visible through the skin, giving the appearance of bluish or dark circles.
Dark circles under the eyes can be a sign of dehydration. Be sure to drink enough water.
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