What are Freckles?
Freckles are little brown spots on the skin that are caused by the sun. We all have pigment-producing cells in our skin called melanocytes. These melanocytes produce melanin pigment and feed it to keratinocytes, the normal skin cells that form the outer barrier of our skin. This barrier protects us from environmental factors, and importantly, from the sun.
Who gets Freckles?
When our melanocytes become damaged by the sun, we produce freckles, which are simply abnormal collections of melanin pigment in the skin. Freckles can be found on anyone, but it is genetic in nature. Freckle formation is triggered by sun exposure. The exposure to UV-B radiation activates melanocytes to increase the melanin production, which can cause freckles to become darker.
Freckles are predominantly found on the face, although they may appear on any skin exposed to the sun, such as the shoulders.
How can Freckles be treated?
Several safe and effective methods are available to help lighten or reduce the appearance of freckles: Frequently, multiple or a combination of treatments may be required for best results. Not everyone’s skin will improve with similar treatments and freckles can easily recur with repeated UV exposures.
- Bleaching or fading creams: These products can help lighten freckles if they are applied consistently over a period of months. Bleaching or fading creams are most effective in combination with sun avoidance and sun protection.
- Retinoid: Sometimes used in conjunction with other bleaching creams, tretinoin (vitamin A acid, Retin-A) may help lighten freckles when applied consistently over a period of several months.
- Laser treatment: Fractional Non ablative 1550nm lasers are may help lighten and decrease the appearance of freckles safely and effectively. This is a simple and safe procedure with a high success rate and a low risk of scarring or skin discoloration. Skin rejuvenation and toning with the Intense Pulsed Light treatments and the Instalite laser (Revlite) also help reduce the freckles significantly within 3-4 sessions.
- Chemical peels can also help lighten freckles and improve irregular pigmentation.
What is the procedure at Kosmoderma?
- During the consult, the skin is tested to determine its condition
- Based on the test results a home care regimen is prescribed and your skin is given initial peel prep. The home care is just as important as the clinic procedures
- After 2 weeks, chemical peels – TCA / Phenol Peel treatments are begun. The spacing and number of sessions depends on the severity of your skin condition
- We recommend between 2 sessions of medium level peels 2 weeks apart followed by Fractional Laser
- The non-ablative fractional laser requires 3 – 4 session every 3 weeks to remove the freckling
- Oral antioxidants to boost the skins immunity against UV is prescribed
- The home care is continued post treatments to maintain the results.