We have in our earlier blogs talked about the effectiveness of liposuction as a fat loss procedure and we have explained how this fat loss technique has seen advancements over time. However, one area has remained largely untouched and we have over time received multiple queries from our readers. This area talks about how is the procedure performed.
We are not really surprised at such an onset of questions because considering the high level of involvement and life long consequences that this procedure entails, it is only natural for the interested candidates to be curious about the level of comfort or discomfort that comes along.Hence, in this blog we will be explaining about how the process works.
Let us have a look at the two types of liposuction processes. Though the basic remains essentially the same, yet there are minute differences in the way these fat loss procedures are undertaken.
• The first of these is Tumescent Liposuction. This technique involves the surgeon injecting a solution into the fatty areas before the fat removal is undertaken. The solution consists of a saline solution, a mild painkiller and epinephrine- the drug responsible for contracting the blood vessels. This solution helps in easier fat removal as well as assists in lowering the procedural blood loss and lesser pain sensation during the surgery.
• The other type of Liposuction is Ultrasound assisted Liposuction which involves usage of ultrasounds to liquefy the fat.
How Liposuction is Done?
Depending upon which of the aforementioned techniques is used, the process can be surgical or outpatient. However, considering that usually the quantum of fat to be removed is high, the process is known to have more of a surgical nature.
The procedure involves the following steps:
● The procedure starts with giving anesthesia to the patient. The anesthesia can be given locally or the application can be general depending upon how much of the fat removal needs to be done in the sitting
● Post the patient is under the effect of anesthesia, the procedure is performed using a small suction device which is attached to a cannula (a small stainless steel instrument).
● The cannula is inserted into the areas to be treated using small incisions made between the skin and the muscle. The suction then happens using the suction device attached to the cannula
The time taken for the procedure depends upon the amount of fat that needs to be removed. The process of fat cell removal undertaken during liposuction is permanent and hence, the treated areas will experience hardly any weight gain.
However, that does not mean that liposuction will prevent fat gain in other areas of the body. It is thus important that one maintains a healthy lifestyle to avoid unnecessary gain of fat.
There is some initial swelling after the procedure. This swelling takes about 3-4 weeks to subside. Because of this, some patients tend to feel bloated or heavier in the initial days. However, we must emphasize here that this swelling is just temporary. Sometimes, the surgeon may leave some incisions open as well to facilitate fluid drainage hence resulting in faster recuperation from the swelling.
Final results can take anywhere between 6 to 12 months to show fully. However, most patients start seeing the difference within the first two months from the procedure itself.