What can be done about open pores? Are sufferers doomed to hide away as they feel self-conscious about their looks?

Open pores can be a real problem for many people. They can sometimes be visible and unattractive.

Pores are tiny openings in the skin that provide a way for the oil glands underneath to lubricate and protect the surface of the skin. This oil forms a protective layer over the skin and prevents moisture loss and helps to keep the skin soft and resilient. It also helps to prevent injury and environmental damage.

The follicle leads from within the skin to the surface of the skin and may contain a hair within it. The “hole” on the surface of the skin through which the hair emerges is the “pore” and oil flows on to the skin surface through this pore. The diameter of the tubule forms the pore and when the tubule dilates (widens) it gives the impression of being wide open. When the tubule contracts, it gives the impression of tightening and “closing”. Pores do not have doors that “open” and “close”, but this is a descriptive way of describing how they work. The excessive production of oil and its flow causes the oil glands to enlarge and cause an enlargement of the tubule which in turn causes the pore to appear larger and crater like. This causes the skin to look and feel coarse and thick in texture.

Open pores is a common problem that also leaves the skin prone to infections, resulting in painful acne and boils.

The skin pores have the key role of providing an outlet for flushing out water, salts and toxins. When the toxic cellular waste is trapped in the skin it leads to poor skin health, infections and other disorders. Often, when our skin pores have to cope with an unusually high and excessive secretion, they enlarge in size giving the skin an unseemly look.

Since the size of your pores is inherited, it cannot change. You can make them appear smaller by keeping them empty of plugs that are formed by the accumulation of sebum, dead skin cells and Bacteria, so that the oil can flow freely. There are solutions that a dermatologist can suggest to help people deal with open pores.

What is the procedure at Kosmoderma?

Below are some of the common solutions that are effective in the management of open pores. For those whom the problem seems serious may have to resort to dermatological treatments for relief. And remember, there’s no one time cure for the problem.

  • Home Care:

One of the most common, and often effective, ways to deal with enlarged pores is to use a salicylic acid based face wash regularly. Also, Kosmoderma has a new and effective range of products including a toner which helps reduce pore size and gives a matt appearance to the skin. The use of Vitamin A based products at least thrice a week helps prevent the appearance of open pores as we age. Vitamin A also helps to smoothen the existing pores. Speak to your dermatologist for a recommendation for a Vitamin A based product to use at night.

  • Chemical Peels:

Regular chemical peels like TCA (tricloroacetic acid), Salicylic acid and Vitamin A peels. These peels should be done on a regular basis by the dermatologists to maintain the results. With peels the skin becomes smoother and the appearance of open pores is dulled.

  • Mesotherapy and Mesobotox:

Here tiny amounts of vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and Botox are injected directly into the facial skin, using very thin micro needles. The results are visible in 3 days after the procedure and the open pores decrease by 70 – 80%. The results last between 2 – 3 months and then the session is repeated. This method has one of the highest success rates for treating open pores.

  • Microneedling:

This is a technique in which the face of the skin is rolled with very small needles- stimulating an injury. In response, the skin stimulates collagen production that reduces the size of the pores. 4-6 sittings of micro needling, at 4-6 weeks intervals are quite effective. The skin is numbed using an anaesthetic cream prior to the procedure. The skin remains red for 1 – 2 days post procedure. The collagen production not only decreases the pore size but also helps with anti-aging treatment of the skin by reducing the appearance of fine lines.

  • Radio Frequency:

This procedure can shrink open pores quickly. The smaller pores are barely visible after the treatment, and the larger ones are less obvious. Repeated sessions, at fortnightly to monthly intervals are required for improved and sustained results. The results are temporary and last for a fortnight to a month.

  • Lasers:

The fractional lasers or frasel are the latest in treating open pores and helps in pore reduction. They are very effective with less downtime. 4 – 6 sessions are required on a monthly basis depending on the severity of the pores. The results achieved are permanent. This is the latest technique presently available.